Archive for the ‘Photography Fundamentals’ Category

Quick Shutter Speed Tutorial

Here’s a simple video tutorial about Shutter Speeds – The Time the shutter is open for light to enter the camera. I like this video since it’s simple and straight forward, might be old stuff for experts but really good for beginners.

What is Aperture? Tips for the Intermediate and Advanced Photographer

Whether you are an intermediate or advanced photographer, it’s always good to go back to the basics. What is Aperture? Tips on how to take advantage of this simple feature to create something different, something elegant to differentiate the images you create. Here’s an article about the basics of Aperture and how you can use it the next time you make  images.


What is Aperture?

Aperture is the size of the hole inside the lens. It is also called a F-Stop. Photographers use these terms interchangeably, but they mean the exact same thing. They allow light to pass through the lens and onto your sensor or film. 

So why is Aperture important and why should I care?

Aperture controls Depth of Field. Depth of Field is the area of acceptable focus in an image. Have you seen images where only a small part of the image is in focus and the rest is blurry. Or have you seen an image where everything is sharp. Aperture controls all this. You should care about this because it is one of the creative tools that photographers use to guide the viewer through the image. This is a part of  your creative toolbox as a photographer. 

So what do all those numbers mean?


What is an easy way to remember what aperture does?


Anything Tips for the intermediate photographer?


Anything Tips for the advanced photographer?


If This Article is For you Read Full Article Here.


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Update (September 25, 2012) Additional Information & Image From Here About Apperture.

Diffusing the Sun: Practical Tip

Here’s another practical tip using diffusion. While the sun is a nice ally it can sometimes be difficult to work with. A handy diffuser can make all the difference. This article is part of our Editor’s Diffusion tip article at the


When the sun is overhead, giving bad shadows and ugly lighting, another way to used diffusion to your advantage, is to use the angle of the sun and diffuse the harsh light and make it softer. For example if the sun is high above your subjects and slightly in front of them, have your subjects face the sun and place your diffuser directly in front of them in between the sun and your subject. Please see the picture below for the example. Then use a higher shooting angle to eliminate shadows and create a very nice diffused front light. Another setup could be if the harsh light was coming from the side, place the diffuser in between the subject and the sun, for a soft side light. See the images below for examples of the different lighting setups. To read the entire article please click here.


 High Angle Diffused Light: Lighting Setup: Fuji X-Pro1; Fujinon 35mm F1.4

High Angle Diffused Light: Lighting Setup: Fuji X-Pro1; Fujinon 35mm F1.4


High Angle Diffused Light: Facing the Sun: Canon 5d Mark III

High Angle Diffused Light: Facing the Sun: Canon 5d Mark III


High Angle Diffused Light: Side Light: Canon 5d Mark III

High Angle Diffused Light: Side Light: Canon 5d Mark III

Diffusion: When fill flash isn’t enough

This Article was written by our Editor in Chief in his personal blog

Check it out and learn a simple trick to improve your shots.

When fill flash isn’t enough

One way of combating this lighting is to use fill flash to fill in the dark areas of shadow to even out the lighting and still keeping some drama. The problem with this is that the sun is very powerful and using just an on camera flash usually isn’t enough, or just doesn’t give a nice quality of light if you are just “filling light” in. So the solution to this problem is to use diffused light in combination with fill light. Over kill you say? Well you be the judge. In the examples below, the first image is a quick portrait shot with just fill flash. For me the shadows are still too dark and even though the fill flash gives a nice catch light in the eyes, the quality of light in the rest of the image could be better. The second image shows the use of diffused light with flash fill light. The direct sunlight was diffused using a diffusion panel and the fill flash was used at 1/2 power to give that nice catch light in the eyes while also giving the couple a little bit of a pop of light to even out the dark shadows. A diffusion panel can either be made or bought. In this case it was half and half. I used a frame that I’ve had for many years and used my own diffusion material. More specifics later in the article. So you be the judge, which lighting do you like most. I like to use this “diffused light with a kicker” technique I call it, because it really gives a subjects a nice pop, that you may not get with just diffusion.

Noon Sun with Fill Flash: Canon 5d Mark III; Canon USM 24-105 F4
Diffused Light with a Kick: Diffused light with fill flash: Canon 5d Mark III

Images and Full Article from

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